покупать / купить conjugation in Russian – to buy

By Ari Helderman
November 20, 2020

Down below you find the table of conjugations for the verbs покупать / купить. In English the translation means ‘to buy’.

купить conjugation in Russian

The stress of each word is on the bolded parts. Try saying the words out loud while you read to make sure they ‘stick’ in your memory.

Imperfective AspectPerfective Aspect
InfinitiveFormпокупатькупить
Present Tense
я – 1st Person Singularпокупаю
ты– 2nd Person Singularпокупаешь
он/она/оно – 3rd Person Singularпокупает
мы– 1st Person Pluralпокупаем
вы – 2nd Person Pluralпокупаете
они – 3rd Person Pluralпокупают
Past Tense
он – Masculineпокупалкупил
она – Feminineпокупалакупила
оно – Neuterпокупалокупило
они/мы/вы – Pluralпокупаликупили
Future Tense
я– 1st Person Singularбуду покупатькуплю
ты– 2nd Person Singularбудешь покупатькупишь
он/она/оно – 3rd Person Singularбудет покупатькупит
мы – 1st Person Pluralбудем покупатькупим
вы – 2nd Person Pluralбудете покупатькупите
они– 3rd Person Pluralбудут покупатькупят
Imperative Form
ты – Informalпокупайкупи
вы– Politeпокупайтекупите

How to use покупать in Russian?

Whenever in English you use the word ‘buy’, you can use the Russian купить. Most of the time the perfective aspect is used unless you specifically mean that in this very moment you need to buy something, or that you buy something over time. Check examples to see how this works.

Examples of покупать / купить conjugation

While reading the examples below, try saying them out loud. That will do wonders for your ability to speak Russian well. If you’re in a public place and it would be a little awkward to say Russian words, try to pronounce the sentences in your head.

If you make this into a habit to always pronounce Russian words while you read them, your speaking skills will improve 5 times faster than if you would not do this. It’s a small action that brings big results.

Russian exampleEnglish translation
Нам нужно купить хлеб сегодняWe need to buy bread today
Нам нужно покупать хороший хлеб в пекарне, а не в супермаркетеWe need to buy good bread from the bakery, not the supermarket
Я в магазине покупаю продуктыI’m in the store buying groceries
Я куплю продукты позжеI’ll buy groceries later
Ты купишь мясо?Will you buy meat?
Ты покупаешь мясо?Are you buying meat?
Они купили машинуThey bought the car
Они покупают машину побольшеThey are buying a larger car
Купите хлеб пожалуйстаBuy bread please
Купи хлеб, пока ты в супермаркетеBuy bread while you’re at the supermarket
Я больше никогда не буду покупать в этом магазинеI’ll never again buy from that store
Watch this video where I tell you in Russian (with English subtitles) 9 reasons why Russian is actually easy to learn.

What should you do next?

Learning Russian does NOT need to be difficult. All you need is a solid plan that helps you improve the following things daily:

  • vocabulary
  • grammar
  • listening skills
  • speaking skills

That's ALL you need. If you can do this for a couple of weeks, you’ll already be making great progress in your Russian skills.

And the best part? If you improve a little bit every day, soon these practices will become daily habits.

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If you like the idea of this, but don’t know where to start, go here for more information.

About the Author

My name is Ari Helderman and I help people learn Russian through videos and blog posts where I share my experience.   I have been learning Russian since 2016. I often get mistaken for a native speaker these days, so I've learned a thing or two about what works and what doesn't if you want to speak Russian well.

Ari Helderman

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