бояться / побояться conjugation in Russian – to be Afraid

By Ari Helderman
November 19, 2020

Down below you find the table of conjugations for the verbs бояться / побояться. In English the translation means ‘to be afraid’.

бояться / побояться conjugation in Russian

The stress of each word is on the bolded parts. Try saying the words out loud while you read to make sure they ‘stick’ in your memory.

Infinitive Formбоятьсяпобояться
Present Tense  
я – 1st Person Singularбоюсь 
ты – 2nd Person Singularбоишься 
он/она/оно –  3rd Person Singularбоится 
мы – 1st Person Pluralбоимся 
вы – 2nd Person Pluralбоитесь 
они – 3rd Person Pluralбоятся 
Past Tense  
он – Masculineбоялсяпобоялся
она – Feminineбоялась побоялась
оно – Neuterбоялосьпобоялось
они/мы/вы – Pluralбоялисьпобоялись
Future Tense  
я – 1st Person Singularбуду      боятьсяпобоюсь
ты – 2nd Person Singularбудешь  боятьсяпобоишься
он/она/оно – 3rd Person Singularбудет     боятьсяпобоится
мы – 1st Person Pluralбудем    боятьсяпобоимся
вы – 2nd Person Pluralбудете   боятьсяпобоитесь
они – 3rd Person Pluralбудут     боятьсяпобоятся
Imperative Form  
ты – Informalбойсяпобойся
вы – Politeбойтесьпобойтесь

How to use бояться in Russian?

Everywhere you would use ‘to fear’ or ‘be afraid’ in English, you can use бояться in Russian. Take note that it’s a reflexive verb, which means that you add ‘ся’ or ‘сь’ to the endings.

Examples of бояться/ побояться conjugation

While reading the examples below, try saying them out loud. That will do wonders for your ability to speak Russian well. If you’re in a public place and it would be a little awkward to say Russian words, try to pronounce the sentences in your head.

If you make this into a habit to always pronounce Russian words while you read them, your speaking skills will improve 5 times faster than if you would not do this. It’s a small action that brings big results.

Russian exampleEnglish translation
Люди не должны бояться своего правительстваPeople shouldn’t fear their government
Учитель заставил его побояться экзаменаThe teacher made him afraid of the exam
Я боюсь медведейI am afraid of bears
Вы боитесь экзамена?Do you fear the exam?
Они боятся тебяThey are afraid of you
Они боялись тебяThe were afraid of you
Не бойсяDon’t be afraid
Watch this video where I tell you in Russian (with English subtitles) 9 reasons why Russian is actually easy to learn.

What should you do next?

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  • vocabulary
  • grammar
  • listening skills
  • speaking skills

That's ALL you need. If you can do this for a couple of weeks, you’ll already be making great progress in your Russian skills.

And the best part? If you improve a little bit every day, soon these practices will become daily habits.

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About the Author

My name is Ari Helderman and I help people learn Russian through videos and blog posts where I share my experience.   I have been learning Russian since 2016. I often get mistaken for a native speaker these days, so I've learned a thing or two about what works and what doesn't if you want to speak Russian well.

Ari Helderman