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November 16, 2020

бояться / побояться conjugation in Russian – to be Afraid

Down below you find the table of conjugations for the verbs бояться / побояться. In English the translation means ‘to be afraid’.

бояться / побояться conjugation in Russian

The stress of each word is on the bolded parts. Try saying the words out loud while you read to make sure they ‘stick’ in your memory.

Imperfective
Aspect
Perfective
Aspect
Infinitive Formбоятьсяпобояться
   
Present Tense  
я – 1st Person Singularбоюсь 
ты – 2nd Person Singularбоишься 
он/она/оно –  3rd Person Singularбоится 
мы – 1st Person Pluralбоимся 
вы – 2nd Person Pluralбоитесь 
они – 3rd Person Pluralбоятся 
   
Past Tense  
он – Masculineбоялсяпобоялся
она – Feminineбоялась побоялась
оно – Neuterбоялосьпобоялось
они/мы/вы – Pluralбоялисьпобоялись
   
Future Tense  
я – 1st Person Singularбуду      боятьсяпобоюсь
ты – 2nd Person Singularбудешь  боятьсяпобоишься
он/она/оно – 3rd Person Singularбудет     боятьсяпобоится
мы – 1st Person Pluralбудем    боятьсяпобоимся
вы – 2nd Person Pluralбудете   боятьсяпобоитесь
они – 3rd Person Pluralбудут     боятьсяпобоятся
   
Imperative Form  
ты – Informalбойсяпобойся
вы – Politeбойтесьпобойтесь

How to use бояться in Russian?

Everywhere you would use ‘to fear’ or ‘be afraid’ in English, you can use бояться in Russian. Take note that it’s a reflexive verb, which means that you add ‘ся’ or ‘сь’ to the endings.

Examples of бояться/ побояться conjugation

While reading the examples below, try saying them out loud. That will do wonders for your ability to speak Russian well. If you’re in a public place and it would be a little awkward to say Russian words, try to pronounce the sentences in your head.

If you make this into a habit to always pronounce Russian words while you read them, your speaking skills will improve 5 times faster than if you would not do this. It’s a small action that brings big results.

Russian exampleEnglish translation
Люди не должны бояться своего правительстваPeople shouldn’t fear their government
Учитель заставил его побояться экзаменаThe teacher made him afraid of the exam
Я боюсь медведейI am afraid of bears
Вы боитесь экзамена?Do you fear the exam?
Они боятся тебяThey are afraid of you
Они боялись тебяThe were afraid of you
Не бойсяDon’t be afraid

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Author: Ari Helderman


I started learning Russian seriously in January 2016, and haven't stopped since. I created this site to help other foreigners speak Russian. You can follow my progress in Russian on my YouTube channel Ари Говорит по-русски.

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