The Russian days of the week may seem quite scary. 

After all, they sound completely different than the English ones.

Also, if you want to say something simple as ‘’See you on Wednesday”, the word for Wednesday: среда changes to среду.

Don’t despair though. 

In this guide you’ll find all the words for the days of the week in Russian + examples how they change according to the function of the day in the sentence.

Ready? Поехали!

What are the days of the week in Russian?

Days of the week are completely different in English than in Russian.

That’s because Slavic languages have few words in common with English.

For example, in Dutch the word for monday is maandag. Almost the same, right?

In Russian, you’ll just have to learn each word by heart.

Here’s all the Russian days of the week in a table:

Russian WordTranslationExample
понедельник MondayПонедельник первый день недели – Monday is the first day of the week
вторникTuesdayВторник занятой день на работе – Tuesday is a busy day at work
среда
 
WednesdayСреда – середина недели – Wednesday is the middle of the week.
четвергThursdayчетверг – день, когда я с нетерпением жду выходных – Thursday is the day I look forward to the weekend
пятницаFridayПятница означает что почти выходные – Friday means it’s almost weekend
субботаSaturdayсуббота первый день выходных – Saturday is the first day of the weekend
воскресеньеSundayвоскресенье второй день выходных – Sunday is the second day of the weekend

Which prepositions to use for the Russian days of the week?

Just knowing the words for the days of the week in Russian is not going to be enough to use them correctly in your speech.

No.

You cannot just say:

понедельник я иду на работу – monday I go to work

You also need to know the correct prepositions to use them.

The correct form here would be:

в понедельник я иду на работу.

There are different ways you can say the Russian days of the week.

  • On monday I go to work.
  • Every monday I go to work.
  • From monday to friday I go to work.
  • Until monday I have vacations.

And each of those prepositions uses a different case.

On Wednesday

If you want to say that you do something on a specific day, you use the Russian prepositions в. It literally means ‘to’. 

But in Russian you use it to say ‘on + day of the week’.

Another thing is that you use the accusative case here.

Since days of the week are inanimate, only the feminine days change their einding.

Also, you can sometimes use the preposition на, if you mean that a specific event or situation is planned for a specific day.

On Wednesday I go to the cinema with a friend – В среду хожу в кино с другом

встреча запланирована на пятницу – the meeting is planned for Friday

Here is how you apply this to each day of the week:

Russian WordTranslationExample
в / на понедельник On / for Mondayв понедельник я хожу в спортзал – on Monday I go to gym
во / на вторникOn / for TuesdayВо вторник мой дедушка пошел в больницу – On Tuesday my granddad went to the hospital
в / на средуOn / for WednesdayВы видели своего менеджера в среду утром? – did you see your manager Wednesday morning?
в / на четвергOn / for ThursdayВ четверг у меня выходной! – On Thursday I have a day off!
в / на пятницуOn / for Fridayмы запланировали вечеринку на пятницу – we planned a party for Friday
в / на субботуOn / for Saturdayкакие у тебя планы на субботу вечером? – what are your plans for Saturday night?
во / на воскресеньеOn / for SundayВ воскресенье идет футбольный матч – On Sunday there is a soccer match

One interesting thing here is also with Tuesday. As you see, the preposition в changes to во. This is a general rule if the noun after starts with a в as well. This may seem difficult, but try speaking it out loud.

You find that you pronounce the о whether you want to or not 🙂

From Monday until Friday

When you want to say FROM a day until a day, you use the 2 prepositions:

  • с
  • до

Both require the genitive case. 

So “I work from Monday until Friday” in Russian would be:

я работаю с понедельника до пятницы

Here’s an overview of all the days of the week.

Russian WordTranslationExample
с / до понедельника from / until MondayНеделя начинается с понедельника – The week starts from Monday
с / до вторникаfrom / until TuesdayМоя подписка действительна до вторника – My subscription is valid till Tuesday
со / до средыfrom / until WednesdayНовое правило применяется со следующей среды – The new rule applies from next Wednesday
с / до четвергаfrom / until ThursdayЯ почувствовал себя плохо с четверга утром – I felt ill from Thursday morning
с / до пятницыfrom / until Fridayу вас есть до пятницы, чтобы закончить этот проект – you have till Friday to finish this project.
с / до субботыfrom / until SaturdayЯ всегда заканчиваю домашнее задание до субботы – I always finish my homework before Saturday
с / до воскресеньяfrom / until SundayНачиная с воскресенья, я больше не буду пить алкоголь – Starting from Sunday, I will no longer drink alcohol

Until, including Tuesday

If you want to emphasize that the until day really includes that day as well, you can use the prepositions по. 

По requires the accusative case.

So it should be more correct to actually say:

я работаю с понедельника по пятницу

If you mean that you work from Monday to Friday (emphasize on including Friday).

Here’s an overview of how all the Russian days of the week change according to the dative case.

Russian WordTranslation
по понедельник until Monday
по вторникuntil Tuesday
по средуuntil Wednesday
по четвергuntil Thursday
по пятницуuntil Friday
по субботуuntil Saturday
по воскресеньеuntil Sunday

Every friday

If you want to say that you do something specific on EVERY Thursday, you still use the preposition по.

The only difference here is that the day should be in the plural form.

On Thursday I go to Russian classes – По четвергам хожу на уроки русского языка

Here’s an overview of the days of the week in Russian with по + dative plural.

Russian WordTranslationExample
по понедельникам on Mondaysпо понедельникам хожу на футбольную тренировку –
on Mondays I go to soccer practice
по вторникамon TuesdaysПо вторникам я занят на работе –
On Tuesdays I am busy at work
по средамon Wednesdaysпо средам я утромвсегда покупаю чай латте – On Wednesday morning I always buy a chai latte
по четвергамon ThursdaysПо четвергам вечером пью пиво с друзьями – On Thursday nights I drink beer with friends
по пятницамon FridaysПо пятницам мы всегда идем на вечеринку с коллегами – On Fridays we always go party with colleagues
по субботамon SaturdaysПо субботам у меня всегда похмелье – On Saturdays I always have a hangover
по воскресеньямon SundaysСтрою планы на неделю по воскресеньям – I make plans for the week on Sundays

Abbreviations and other helpful vocabulary

Above you can find everything you need to know about the days of the week in Russian. However, I’d like to take the opportunity here to give some additional information that will come in handy.

First, let’s take a look at all the abbreviations for the days. It’s probably obvious for most,  but it doesn’t harm to see them correctly once as well.

  • Пн – Monday
  • Вт – Tuesday
  • Ср – Wednesday
  • Чт – Thursday
  • Пт – Friday
  • Сб – Saturday
  • Вс – Sunday

Apart from the days of the week, here’s is also a list of useful vocabulary when talking about time expressions.

Russian word  English  Example
выходной деньday offу меня выходной день – I have a day off
рабочий деньworking dayПонедельник рабочий день – Monday is a working day
завтраtomorrowЗавтра будет хороший день – Tomorrow will be a nice day
Послезавтра
day after tomorrowПогода будет отличной послезавтра – The weather will be amazing the day after tomorrow
сегодняtodayЯ работаю допоздна сегодня – I’m working late today
вчераyesterdayВчера я был дома в 21.00 – Yesterday I was home at 21.00
Позавчераday before yesterdayпозавчера тоже был долгий день – the day before yesterday was a long day too
на этой неделеthis weekна этой неделе у меня много классных планов – this week I have a lot of cool plans
на следующей неделеnext weekна следующей неделе я собираюсь в отпуск – next week I’m going on vacations
на прошлой неделеlast weekна прошлой неделе было много сумасшедших клиентов – last week had a lot of crazy customers
Через неделюafter a week/a week fromчерез неделю мы едем к морю – in a week we are traveling to the sea
деньdayсумасшедший день, не так ли?’ – crazy day, isn’t it?
Через деньevery other dayчерез день я хожу в спортзал – every other day I go to the gym
неделяweekэто занятая неделя – it’s a busy week
месяцmonthЯнварь холодный месяц – January is a cold month
Через месяцin a month’s timeчерез месяц мы получаем нашу первую зарплату – in a month we get our first salary
годyear2020 год странный – 2020 is a weird year

Had any trouble with the days of the week? Let me know in the comments.

До понедельника!



P.S. If you want to improve your Russian on 'autopilot', my best recommendation is to just listen to 1 single Russianpod101 podcast per day (about 15 minutes). Ideally you do this when commuting to work to create a lasting habit. You can also take a daily walk. I did this for about 6 months, and it's the reason my Russian improved so quickly. There's a free 7 day trial with just an email address, so you're not risking anything. Give it a try and see how fast your Russian skills improve.


About the Author Ari Helderman

I started learning Russian seriously in January 2016. I created this site to help other foreigners speak Russian. You can follow my progress in Russian on my YouTube channel Ари Говорит по-русски.

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